London

31 October 2012

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Lot 127

1959 Ferrari 250 GT LWB Berlinetta 'Tour de France' by Carrozzeria Scaglietti

  • Chassis no. 1335GT
  • Engine no. 1335GT

Sold for £1,960,000


247 bhp, 2,953 cc single overhead camshaft V-12 engine with three Weber 36 DCL3 carburettors, four-speed all-synchromesh manual gearbox, independent front suspension with unequal-length A-arms and coil springs, live rear axle with semi-elliptic leaf springs and parallel trailing arms, and four-wheel drum brakes. Wheelbase: 102.4 in.



• The 30th of 36 fourth-series single-louver TdF examples

• One of approximately nine late open-headlamp cars

• Racing history including multiple First in Class finishes

• A true ’50s competition alloy bodied Ferrari berlinetta



Of all of Ferrari’s series-produced berlinettas, none can compare to the car that started it all, the 250 GT long-wheelbase berlinetta from 1956–1959. The dual-purpose road/race car’s 2,600-millimetre wheelbase became the foundation for numerous 250 GT series that followed, and the long-running Colombo 2,953-cubic centimetre V-12 was never in a more ferocious state of tune than in the beautifully styled long-wheelbase berlinetta.



Mechanical considerations aside, the 250 GT berlinetta’s sensational Scaglietti bodywork, designed by Pinin Farina, conveyed pure racing gravitas veiled in unequalled sporting elegance. This was a car that looked every bit the part, a role that was conceived by management to revive less-dangerous sports car racing following the Le Mans disaster of 1955. One of the earliest 250 GT berlinetta examples, chassis number 0557GT took 1st place at the 1956 Tour de France, a new multi-day 3,600-mile course that consisted of six circuit races, two hill climbs, and a drag race. The victory was exactly what Ferrari management had been hoping for, and they were only too happy to give their tacit approval of the moniker “Tour de France” to unofficially describe the car. The TdF nom de guerre soon proved to be quite apropos, as Olivier Gendebien drove one to 1st overall at the French race for the next three consecutive years.



The 250 GT LWB TdF bodywork steadily evolved during production and is now classified in four distinct series, most easily characterized by the rear c-pillars, or sail panels. Of 79 total TdF examples made between 1956 and 1959, the first 14 cars had no vents in the sail panel. Nine second-series cars featured 14 louvers on the sail panel, followed in mid-1957 by 18 cars with three vents on the sail panel, and a revised nose featuring recessed, covered headlamps. Starting in 1958, a final, fourth series with single-vent sail-panels was produced in a quantity of 36 examples.



In very early-1959, the LWB TdF received one final subdivision of minor modifications before giving way to an interim body suggestive of the forthcoming 250 GT SWB. This first group of 1959 250 GT examples was actually a subset of the 1958 fourth-series cars that featured one sail panel vent, to which they added uncovered headlamps mandated by a change in Italian regulations. The new uncovered lights were also adorned with chrome bezels, a decorative cue hinting at the berlinetta’s evolving identity as an elegant road car. A small handful of these 12 cars that were built for export were ordered with covered headlamps, reducing the known total of 1959 uncovered-headlamp series-four TdFs to approximately nine examples.



Though the aesthetic merits of each of the TdF series are highly subjective—every tifosi has his favourite—many enthusiasts would argue that this final muscularly haunched, uncovered-headlamp iteration was the best-looking TdF of all. These twelve cars, comprising chassis numbers 1143GT through 1401GT, marked the final incarnation of the revered Tour de France, which was soon replaced by an interim body that yielded the 250 GT SWB at the Paris Salon in October.



Chassis 1335GT is believed to be the sixth of twelve TdF examples built in 1959, and the 30th of 36 overall single-vent sail panel examples. According to a copy of the original build card, this Ferrari’s engine, internal number 0292 D, was built on 4th April 1959, slated as a special competition version of the Tipo 128D motor. Specifications included Borgo pistons for higher compression, special Tipo 130 camshafts, a six-blade cooling fan, Weber 36 DCL3 carburettors with trompette tips, and no air filter. Tested on 20th April, the engine developed over 247 metric horsepower and almost 260 foot-pounds of torque, performance figures that bear out the motor’s upgraded racing components.



Chassis 1335GT was sold new on 23rd April 1959 to Casimiro Toselli, a resident of Torino who had plans for an immediate racing campaign for the rakish TdF. On 3rd May 1959, Mr Toselli entered the Ferrari in the VI Coppa Sant’ Ambroeus at Monza, finishing 2nd in the GT class. The car’s exploits in this race were photographically captured in the 1959 Ferrari Yearbook. Two more second-place finishes in the GT class, at the VI Bolzano-Mendola hill climb on 5th July, and at the Garessio-Colle San Bernardo hill climb on 19th July, were followed by a 6th overall and Third in Class finish at the XIX Trieste-Opicina hill climb on 26 July.



Mr Toselli obviously honed his craft during the off-season, as 1960 seemed to produce consistently better results, beginning with a 2nd place finish in the GT class on 3rd April 1960 at the Stallavena-Boscochiesanuovo hill climb. On 14th May, at the Circuito di Posillipo, Mr Toselli finally finished 1st in the GT class, a chequered-flag victory he repeated on 5th June at the XXII Coppa Consuma hill climb. A 2nd overall finish at the Garessio-Colle San Bernardo hil lclimb on 17th July was followed by another First in Class on 28th August at the Sassi-Superga hill climb. In a competition swansong, 1335GT finished 3rd overall at the XI Coppa Inter-Europa at Monza on 4th September 1960, punctuating a dominant 1-2-3 finish by TdFs.



In 1962, no longer competitive on the racing circuit, 1335GT was sold to its second owner of record, Dario Vico, of Torino. Mr Vico retained the TdF for two years before selling it on 29th April 1966 to Carlo Maggiore, a fellow Torinese resident who in turn sold the car almost two years later to Ettore Buzzi. On 25th March 1968, Mr Buzzi registered the rare Ferrari in the name of his dealership, SCAT, which stood for Societa Commercio Autoveicoli Torino.



In May 1973, this 250 GT berlinetta passed to Giovanni Litrico, of Torino, before being acquired in 1975 by Bruno Riccardi, of Brescia. The car was then purchased in early-1977 by an American businessman living in Milan, Marvin Emery Collins, of Oakland, California, who soon sold it to Albert Obrist, known for building one of the most important collections of Ferraris ever assembled.



In 1980, 1335GT found lasting ownership when acquired by Giorgio Schon and Giorgio Ambrogetti, of Torino, the car’s ninth owners of record. As the official Ferrari agent of Milan, Mr Schon was well suited to serve as a long-term conservator, a role he commenced by entering the car in the historic races at Monza on 12th April 1981. Later that year, Mr Schon bought out Mr Ambrogetti’s interest in the Ferrari, becoming the car’s sole owner.



Spotted in the paddock at the historic races at Monza in 1987, 1335GT then participated in the Mille Miglias of 1988 and 1989. In 1995, the TdF was seen at the Tutte le Ferrari a Mugello Shell Ferrari/Maserati Challenge Finals at Mugello; while in April 1997, it competed in the Tour de France, completing a circuitous 30-year journey back to its namesake race. A month later, 1335GT was shown by Mr Schon at the 50th anniversary of Ferrari events in Rome and Maranello, while in November, the car participated in the Tutte le Ferrari in Sicilia event held in Pergusa, Sicily.



In 2002, 1335GT was acquired by London-resident Reza Rashidian, who eventually sold the car to the consignor, a collector in Brescia. Since then, this Ferrari berlinetta has been extensively restored and now features a premium bare-metal paint finish, as well as an all-new proper interior in beige Connolly leather. The exacting standards of this work have completely renewed the dashing TdF to a stunning level of elegance, truly demonstrating just how handsome this brutish competition car really is.



Beckoning future ownership to indulge in spirited vintage touring, or a run at the competitive show circuit, this beautiful and rare 250 GT TdF is a well-documented example with demonstrated racing history. The car’s unusual competition-spec engine further elevates its provenance, which, as one of the most collectable series-built Ferraris of all time, is already quite considerable. Exactingly restored and stunningly presented, this highly desirable piece of Ferrari history offers both great performance and aesthetic beauty, and it would be the crowning piece of any Ferrari collection.

Addendum

Please note that the rear axle has been rebuilt to original specification (ratio 8x32) and fitted with a correct limited slip differential. A mechanical service has also been recently carried out, and the car is reported to run beautifully.

Alexander Weaver

aweaver@rmsothebys.com

+1 864 313 6844
California, United States

Alexander Weaver joined RM Sotheby’s in 2011 as a Car Specialist after graduating from Furman University in South Carolina. Born... read more

Augustin Sabatié-Garat

asabatie-garat@rmsothebys.com

+44 (0) 74 1511 4179
United Kingdom

Augustin Sabatié-Garat joined RM Europe in 2012 as a Car Specialist after more than a decade in the collector car hobby. Gradua... read more

Barney Ruprecht

bruprecht@rmsothebys.com

+1 203 912 7168
Ontario, Canada

Barney’s interest in classic cars began at an early age after being introduced to his father’s all-original 1965 Porsche 911. Barney l... read more

Cameron Smyth

csmyth@rmsothebys.com

+1 519 352 4575
Ontario, Canada

Cameron Smyth joined RM Sotheby’s as a Car Specialist in 2015, working out of our corporate office and providing assistance on c... read more

David Swig

dswig@rmsothebys.com

+1 415 302 2247
California, United States

David Swig joined RM Sotheby’s West Coast division as a Car Specialist in May 2015. David is a life-long automobile enthusi... read more

Don Rose

drose@rmsothebys.com

+1 617 513 0388
United States

Don joined RM in 2006 after several years of professionally trading sports and classic cars, and after earning a reputation as a noted... read more

Donnie Gould

dgould@rmsothebys.com

+1 954 566 2209
Florida, United States

Donnie Gould joined the RM team in 2002 as a partner and Car Specialist after more than two decades in the vintage automobile auction ... read more

Gord Duff

gduff@rmsothebys.com

+1 519 352 4575
Ontario, Canada

Gord Duff began his journey with RM Sotheby’s in 1998. Since then, he has gained an intimate knowledge of a variety of marques a... read more

Jake Auerbach

jauerbach@rmsothebys.com

+1 310 559 4575
California, United States

Jake Auerbach got his start in the automotive industry at an early age, spending his summers during high school working at a classic c... read more

Kurt Forry

kforry@rmsothebys.com

+1 717 623 1638
California, United States

Having worked for Bonhams’ Automobilia department for over 10 years, Kurt Forry joined RM Sotheby’s with more than a decad... read more

Matt Malamut

mmalamut@rmsothebys.com

+1 805 231 6410
California, United States

A long-time car enthusiast and Southern California native, Matt studied Automotive Technology at San Diego Miramar College and complet... read more

Michael Squire

msquire@rmsothebys.com

+44 (0) 20 7851 7070
United Kingdom

Michael Squire joined RM Sotheby’s European Division in the summer of 2016. He comes to RM with a prestigious racing background ... read more

Mike Fairbairn

mfairbairn@rmsothebys.com

+1 519 352 4575
Ontario, Canada

As one of the three founding partners of RM Sotheby’s, Mike has a long-standing interest in the classic car industry. Graduating... read more

Oliver Camelin

ocamelin@rmsothebys.com

+44 (0) 75 0110 7447
United Kingdom

With an extensive background in exotic sports car history and sales, a particular passion for American curves, and fluency in three la... read more

Paul Darvill

pdarvill@rmsothebys.com

+44 (0) 20 7851 7070
United Kingdom

Paul Darvill joined the RM Sotheby’s European team at the beginning of 2015. Paul holds a degree in French and Politics from the... read more

Pete Fisher

pfisher@rmsothebys.com

+1 519 784 9300
Ontario, Canada

Pete Fisher was first introduced to antique cars in high school, working for Classic Coachworks in his hometown of Blenheim, Ontario. ... read more

Shelby Myers

smyers@rmsothebys.com

+1 310 559 4575
California, United States

Shelby Myers grew up with the classic car industry infused into every aspect of his life. He had the unique opportunity to watch the R... read more

Tonnie Van der Velden

tvandervelden@rmsothebys.com

+31 653 84 19 60
United Kingdom

Tonnie Van der Velden joined RM Sotheby’s European division in September 2015 as a Car Specialist. A lifelong enthusiast, Tonnie... read more